Articles & Books
Abel, R. (2005). Implementing best practices in online learning. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 28(3), 75-77.
Abrami, P. C., Bernard, R. M., Wade, A., Schmid, R. F., Borokhovski, E., Tamim, R., et al. (2006). A
review of e-learning in Canada: A rough sketch of the evidence, gaps and promising directions.
Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 32, 3.
Advantogy. (2003). Memletics Accelerated Learning Styles Inventory. Grayslake, IL: Advantogy.
Ainsworth, S. (1999). The functions of multiple representations. Computers & Education, 33(2/3), 131-152.
Allen, I. E., & Seaman, J. (2006). Making the grade: Online education in the United States, 2006. Neeham and Wellesley, MA: The Sloan Consortium. Retrieved from http://www.sloan-c.org/publications/survey/index.asp
Allen, M., Witt, P. L., & Wheeless, L. P. (2006). The role of teacher immediacy as a motivational factor in student learning: Using meta-analysis to test a causal model. Communication Education, 55(1), 21-31.
Ally, M. (2000). Tutoring skills for distance education. Open Praxis: The Bulletin of the International Council
for Open and Distance Education, Vol. 1, 31 34.
Ally, M. (2004). Foundations of educational theory for online learning. In T. Anderson & F. Elloumi (Eds.),
Theory and practice of online learning (pp. 3 31). Athabasca, Alberta, Canada: Athabasca University.
Ally, M. (2004b). Designing effective learning objects for distance education. In R. McGreal (Ed.), Online
education using learning objects (pp. 87 97). London: RoutledgeFalmer.
Anderson, C. (2004, October). The long tail. Wired Magazine (12.10). Retrieved from
Anderson, H. M., Cain, J., & Bird, E. (2005). Online student course evaluations: Review of literature and a pilot Study. Am J Pharm Educ, 69(1), article 5. Retrieved from http://www.ajpe.org/view.asp?art=aj690105&pdf=ye
Anderson, L. W. & Krathwohl, D. R. (Eds.). (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A
revision of Bloom s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York, NY: Longman.
Anderson, T. (Ed.). (2008). The theory and practice of online learning (2nd ed.). Athabasca, AB, Canada: Athabasca University. AU Press. Available online:http://www.aupress.ca/index.php/books/120146
Anderson, T. & Elloumi, F. (Eds.). (2004). Theory and practice of online learning. Athabasca, AB, Canada: Athabasca University. AU Press. Available online: http://cde.athabascau.ca/online_book/
Armstrong, D., Denton, J. & Savage, T. (1978). Instructional skills handbook. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational
Banaszewski, T. (2002). Digital storytelling finds its place in the classroom. Retrieved from http://www.infotoday.com/MMSchools/jan02/banaszewski.htm
Bastiaens, T. & Martens, R. (2000). Conditions for web-based learning with real events. In Abbey, B. (Ed.), Instructionaland cognitive impacts of web-based education (pp. 1 31). Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing.
Bates, A. (2000), Managing technological change: Strategies for college and university leaders. San Francisco:
Bates, A. (2001). National strategies for e-learning in post-secondary education and training. UNESCO:
International Institute for Educational Planning. Paris: United Nations.
Bates, A. W. & Poole, G. (2003). Effective teaching with technology in higher education: Foundations for success.San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Beach, B. K. (1993, October). Learning with Roger Schank. Training & Development, 47(10), 39 42.
Benbunan-Fich, R., & Hiltz, S. R. (1999). Educational applications of CMCS: Solving case studies through asynchronous learning networks. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 4(3). Retrieved from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol4/issue3/benbunan-fich.html
Bentley, J. (2001). Accounting for individual differences in learning: Where do we start and what are the implications for online instruction? Presented at the AECT 2001 Conference, Atlanta. Retrieved from http://www.trainingplace.com/source/research/bentley.html
Berge, Z. 1995. The role of the online instructor/facilitator. Educational Technology 35 (1): 22-30.
Bloom, B., Engelhart, M., Hill, W., Furst, E. & Krathwohl, D. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives,
Handbook 1: The cognitive domain. New York, NY: David McKay Inc.
Bhattacharya, M. (2006). Introducing Integrated EPortfolio across courses in a postgraduate program
in distance and online education. In R.C. Sharma & S. Sharma (Eds.). Cases on Global E-learning Practices:
Successes and Pitfalls. Chapter 7. Hershey, PA: Idea Group.
Bhattacharya, M. (2007). Theories of elearning. In G. Richards (Ed.), Proceedings of World Conference on
E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007 (pp. 2363 2364). Chesapeake,
Bhattacharya, M. & Jorgensen, L. (2006). Defining dimensions of diversity. In G. Trajkovski (Ed.), Diversity
in information technology education: Issues and controversies (pp. 1 14). Hershey, PA: Idea Group.
Billings, D. M., Skiba, D. J., & Connors, H. R. (2005). Best practices in Web-based courses: Generational differences across undergraduate and graduate nursing students. J Prof Nurs, 21, 126-133.
Bischoff, A. (2000). The elements of effective online teaching: Overcoming the barriers to success. In K. White & B. Weight (Eds.) The online teaching guide: A handbookof attitudes, strategies, and techniques for the virtualclassroom. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Boettcher, J. V. (2006). Ten core principles for designing learning — The jungle brain meets the tundra brain. Expanded version of Boettcher, J. V. (2003). Course management systems and learning principles —- Getting to know each other. Syllabus, 16, 33-36. www.campustechnology.com/articles/39412/Another version is at http://www.innovateonline.info/index.php?view=article&id=54
Boettcher, J. V., & Conrad, R. M. (2004). Faculty guide for moving teaching and learning to the web. (2nd ed.). (pp. 247). Phoenix, AZ: League for Innovation.
Brown, A. (1997). Designing for learning: What are the essential features of an effective online course? Australian Journal of Educational Technology, 13(2), 115-126. Retrieved from http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet13/brown.html
Brown, A. H., & Green, T. (2009). Time students spend reading threaded discussions in online graduate courses requiring asynchronous participation. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(6), 51-54. Athabasca, AB, Canada: Athabasca University.
Brown, G., Myers, C. B. & Roy, S. (2003). Formal course design and the student learning experience. Journal ofAsynchronous Learning Networks, 7(3), 66 76.
Canas, A., Leake, D., & Wilson, D. (1999). Managing, mapping, and manipulating conceptual knowledge.
Institute for Human and Machine Cognition. Exploring synergies of knowledge management and casebased
reasoning. (pp. 10 113).Tech. Report WS-99-10, Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press.
Caplan, D. (2004). The development of online courses. In T. Anderson & F. Elloumi (Eds.), Theory and practice of online learning. Athabasca, AB, Canada: Athabasca University. Retrieved from http://cde.athabascau.ca/online_book/
Carlson, R., & Repman, J. (2000). Building that human touch into your Web-based course. WebNet Journal
Charron, C., Favier, J., & Li, C. (2006, February 13). Social computing: How networks erode institutional power,
and what to do about it. Forrester Research. Retrieved from http://www.forrester.com/Research/Document/Excerpt/0,7211,38772,00.html
Chester, A., & Gwynne, G. (1998). Online teaching: Encouraging collaboration through anonymity. Journal of
Computer-Mediated Communication, 4(2). Retrieved from http://www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol4/issue2/chester.html
Chickering, A., & Ehrmann, S. C. (1996). Implementing the Seven Principles: Technology as lever.
AAHE Bulletin, October, 3-6. Retrieved from http://www.tltgroup.org/programs/seven.html
Chickering, A. W., & Gamson, Z. F. (1987). Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education. American Association of Higher Education Bulletin, 39(7), 3-7. Retrieved from http://www.aahea.org/bulletins/articles/sevenprinciples1987.htm
Churach, D., & Fisher, D. (2001). Science students surf the web: Effects on constructivist classroom environments. Journal of Computers in Mathematics andScience Teaching, 20(2), 221 247.
Church, A. T. (2000). Culture and Personality: Toward an Integrated Cultural Trait Psychology. Journal of
Personality, 68(4), 651 703.
Church, A. T., & Lonner, W. J. (1998). The cross-cultural perspective in the study of personality: rationale and
current research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 29(1), 32 62.
Clark, R. C., & Mayer, R. E. (2003). E-learning and the science of instruction. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.
Cohen, M., & Riel, M. (1989). The Effect of Distant Audiences on Students Writing, AERA Journal,
pp. 132 159.
Cogburn, D. L. (1998). Globalisation, knowledge, education, and training in the information age. International
Forum on Information and Documentation, 23(4), 23 29.
Collison, G., Elbaum, B., Haavind, S., & Tinker, R. (2000). Facilitating online learning: Effective strategies
for moderators. Madison, WI: Atwood Publishing.
Colon, B., Taylor, K., & Willis, J. (2000). Constructivist instructional design: Creating a multimedia package
for teaching critical qualitative research. The Qualitative Report, 5(1 & 2). Retrieved from http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR5-1/colon.html
Colwell, B. (2002). Near misses: Murphy s law is wrong. Computer, 35(4), 9 12.
Conrad, D. (2004). University instructors reflections on their first online teaching experiences. Journal of
Asynchronous Learning Networks, 8(2), 31 44.
Conrad, R. M., & Donaldson, J. A. (2004). Engaging the online learner: Activities and resources for creative instruction. (pp. 123). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Cox, T., H. (1993). Cultural diversity in organizations : theory, research, and practice (1st ed.). San Francisco:
Cross, J. (2001). eLearning forum update: Peer-to-peer. Retrieved from http://www.learningcircuits.org/2001/jul2001/Cross.htm
Cross, J. (2005). The intelligent design of learning. Retrieved from http://metatime.blogspot.com/2005/10/intelligent-design-of-learning.html
Cross, J. (2006). Jay s Eclectic Interests. Retrieved from http://jaycross.suprglu.com
D Andrade, R. G. (1984). Cultural meaning systems. In R. A. Shweder & R. A. LeVine (Eds.), Culture theory:
Essays on mind, self, and emotion (pp. 65 129). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Danielson, J., Lockee, B., & Burton, J. (2000). ID and HCI: A marriage of necessity. In Abbey, B. (Ed.), Instructionaland cognitive impacts of web-based education. (pp. 118 128). Hershey, PA: Idea Group
Davis, G., & Dick, D. M. (2009). Making the switch. Turning face-to-face content into meaningful online courses. Learning & Leading with Technology, February, 18-22.
Dede, C. (2007). Emerging educational technologies and neomillennial learning styles. 2007 ELI Annual
Meeting Podcast, May, 1, 2007. Retrieved from http://connect.educause.edu/display/16662
Dereshiwsky, M. I. (2001). “A” is for assessment: Identifying online assessment practices and perceptions.
Education at a Distance 15 (1). Retrieved from http://www.usdla.org/html/journal/JAN01_Issue/article02.html
DeSantis, C. (2002). eLearners Advisor, University of Guelph http://www.elearnersadvisor.com
Dick, W., & Carey, L. (1990). The systematic design of instruction (3rd ed.). Glenville, IL: Harper Collins
Dick, W., Carey, L. & Carey, J.O. (2001). The Systematic Design of Instruction. Addison-Wesley Educational
Publishing Inc., Fifth Edition, New York.
Dillon, S. (2006, October 20). No Test Tubes? Debate on Virtual Science Classes. New York Times. Retrieved
Dimitrova, M., Sadler, C., Hatzipanagos, S., & Murphy, A. (2003, 1 5 Sept). Addressing learner diversity by
promoting flexibility in e-learning environments. Paper presented at the 14th International Workshop on
Database and Expert Systems Applications (DEXA 03), Prague, Czech Republic.
Downes, S. (2005). E-learning 2.0. eLearn Magazine. Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. Retrieved
Dunlap, J. C. (2009). Down-and-dirty guidelines for effective discussions in online courses. Part 4: Resources. (pp. 93-99). P. R. Lowenthal, D. Thomas, A. Thai, & B. Yuhnke (Eds.). The CU online handbook. Teach differently: Create and collaborate.Denver, CO: University of Colorado Denver. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/18816553/CU-Online-Handbook-2009
Dunlap, J. C. (2009). Protocols for online discussions. Part 4: Resources. (pp. 101-105). P. R. Lowenthal, D. Thomas, A. Thai, & B. Yuhnke (Eds.). The CU online handbook. Teach differently: Create and collaborate.
Denver, CO: University of Colorado Denver. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/18816553/CU-Online-Handbook-2009
Enders, F. B., & Diener-West, M. (2006). Methods of learning in statistical education: A randomized trial of Public Health graduate students. Statistics Education Research Journal, 5(1), 5-19. Retrieved from http://www.stat.auckland.ac.nz/~iase/serj/SERJ_5(1)_Enders_West.pdf
Erez, M., & Earley, P. C. (1993). Culture, self-identity, and work. New York: Oxford University Press.
Erlbaum, B., McIntyre, C., & Smith, E. (2002). Essential elements: Prepare, design, and teach your online
courses. Madison, WI: Atwood Publishing.
Farrell, G. (2001). Issues and choices. In G. Farrell (Ed.), The changing faces of virtual education (Vol. 2006, pp. 141 152): The Commonwealth of Learning. Retrieved from: http://www.col.org/colweb/site/pid/3335
Farrell, G., & Isaacs, S. (2007). Survey of ICT and Education in Africa: A Summary Report, Based
on 53 Country Surveys. Washington, DC: infoDev/World Bank. Retrieved from http://www.infodev.org/en/Publication.353.html
Fell, S., & Greek, C. (1997). Internet-based distance education courses in criminology: Prolegomena to
production. Paper presented at the Syllabus97 conference, Sonoma, CA, July.
Fenrich, P. (2005). Creating Instructional Multimedia Solutions: Practical Guidelines for the Real World.
Santa Rosa, CA: Informing Science Press.
Ferdman, B., M. (1995). Cultural identity and diversity in organizations: Bridging the gap between group
differences and individual uniqueness. In M. M. Chemers, S. Oskamp & M. A. Costanzo (Eds.), Diversity
in organizations: New perspectives for a changing workplace (pp. 37 61). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Ference, P., & Vockell, E. (1994, July-August). Adult learning characteristics and effective software instruction.
Educational Technology, 34(6), 25 31.
Fischer, K. Reiss, D., & Young, A. (2005). Ten tips for generating engaged online discussion. Austin, TX, University of Texas. Retrieved from http://wordsworth2.net/activelearning/ecacdiscustips.htm. This provides a helpful set of concise tips that offer ideas and suggestions for being effective at facilitating discussions in electronic environments. More tips on getting started in online active learning are available at http://www.wordsworth2.net/activelearning/ecacteachtips.htm
Fleming, N. (2001). VARK a guide to learning styles. http://www.vark-learn.com/
Francis, S., Aistrip, J., & Winsryg, M. (2003). Color is the essence of it all. Santa Monica, CA: Martin Sosin.
Freeman, S., O Connor, E., Parks, J. W., Cunningham, M., Hurley, D., Haak, D., Wenderoth, M. P. (2007). Prescribed active learning increases performance in introductory biology. CBE Life Sciences Education, 6, 132-9.
Fulford, C. P., & Zhang, S. (1993). Perceptions of interaction: The critical predictor in distance education.
American Journal of Distance Education, 7(3), 8-21.
Gagn, R., Briggs, L., & Wager, W. (1988). Principles of instructional design (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Holt,
Rinehart and Winston.
Gagn , R.M., Wager, W., & Rojas, A. (1991). Planning and authoring computer-assisted instruction lessons.
In L. Briggs, K.L. Gustafson & M.H. Tillman (Eds.), Instructional Design: Principles and Applications (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications, pp. 211 226.
Gagnon, Jr., G., & Cooley, M. (2001). Constructivist learning design. http://www.prainbow.com/cld/cldp.html
Gardner, H. (1983, 1993). Frames of Mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. Tenth Anniversary Edition.
New York: Basic Books.
Gardenswartz, L., & Rowe, A. (1998). Managing Diversity: A Complete Desk Reference and Planning Guide.
New York: McGraw-Hill Professional.
Garland, D., & Martin, B. N. (2005). Do gender and learning style play a role in how online courses should be designed? Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 4(2), 67-81. Retrieved from http://www.ncolr.org/jiol/issues/PDF/4.2.1.pdf
Giles, J. (2005, December 14). Internet encyclopaedias go head to head. Nature. Retrieved June 20, 2007,
Goodyear, P. (2002) Psychological foundations for networked learning.” Networked learning: perspectives and issues. (pp. 49-75). Springer-Verlag. New York, Inc.
Graham, C., Cagiltay, K., Lim, B., Craner, J., & Duffy, T. (2001). Seven principles of effective teaching: A practical lens for evaluating online courses. The Technology Source. http://sln.suny.edu/sln/public/original.nsf/0/b495223246cabd6b85256a090058ab98
Grasha, A.. (2002). Teaching with style: A practical guide to enhancing learning by understanding teaching and learning styles. San Bernadino: Alliance Publishers.
Gray, K., & Tobin, J. (2010). Introducing an online community into a clinical education setting: A pilot study of student and staff engagement and outcomes using blended learning. BMC Medical Education, 10, 6. Retrieved from http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6920/10/6
Grogan, G. (2005). The Design of Online Discussions to Achieve Good Learning Results. www.elearningeuropa.info/index.php?page=doc&doc_id=6713&doclng=6&menuzone=1 (Accessed August 27, 2007).
Guay, T. (1995). Interactive paradigm. http://www.smcc.qld.edu.au/infotech/Paradigm/Interact.htm .
Gulati, S. (2004, April). Constructivism and emerging online learning pedagogy: A discussion for formal to acknowledge and promote the informal. Paper presented at theAnnual Conference of the Universities Association forContinuing Education Regional Futures: Formal andInformal Learning Perspectives, Centre for LifelongLearning, University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, Wales, UK. Retrieved from http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/documents/00003562.htm
Gunawardena, C. N. (1995). Social Presence Theory and implications for interaction and collaborative learning in computer conferences. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications, 1(2), 147-166.
Hagel, J. (2005). What is Web 2.0? Retrieved October 10, 2006, from http://edgeperspectives.typepad.com
Hawisher, G. E., & Pemberton, M. A. (1997). Writing across the curriculum encounters asynchronous
learning networks or WAC meets up with ALN. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 1(1).
Heinich, R., Molenda, M., Russell, J. D., & Smaldino, S. E. (2002). Instructional media and technologies for
learning. NJ: Pearson Education Inc.
Hiss, A. (2000). Talking the talk: Humor and other forms of online communication. In K. White & B.
Weight (Eds.), The online teaching guide: A handbook of attitudes, strategies, and techniques for the virtual
classroom. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Hochberg, L. R., Serruya, M. D., Friehs, G. M., Mukand, J. A., Saleh, M., Caplan, A. H., Branner, A., Chen, D.,
Penn, R. D., & Donoghue, J. P. (2006, July 13). Neuronal ensemble control of prosthetic devices by a human with tetraplegia. Nature 442, 164 171. Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v442/n7099/full/nature04970.html
Hoffman, J. (2002). Peer-to-peer: The next hot trend in elearning? Retrieved from
Hofstede, G. H. (2001). Culture s consequences : comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations
across nations (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Hofstede, G. H. (2004). Cultures and organizations : software of the mind (2nd ed.). London: McGraw-Hill.
Honey, P., & Mumford, A. (1992). The manual of learning styles (3rd ed.). Berkshire, UK: Peter Honey Publications.
Hornsby, K. (2008). A learner centered online course design. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 12(4). http://www.rapidintellect.com/AEQweb/cho4182z8.htm
Hovell, M. F., Adams, M. A., & Semb, G. (2008). Teaching research methods to graduate students in Public Health. Public Health Reports, 123(March-April), 248-254. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2239339/pdf/phr123000248.pdf
Iahad, N., Dafoulas, G. A., Kalaitzakis, E., & Macaulay, L. A. (2004). Evaluation of online assessment: The role of feedback in learner-centered e-learning. Proceedings of the 37th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Honolulu, HA.
Indiana State University. (2005). Teaching styles and instructional uses of the World Wide Web. Retrieved
August 22, 2005, from http://web.indstate.edu/ctl/styles/tstyle.html
Irani, T. (2001). Going the distance: Developing a model distance education faculty training program.
Syllabus Magazine, August 2001.
Jacobs, J.W., & Dempsey, J.V. (2002). Emerging instructional technologies: The near future. In A. Rossett
(Ed.), The ASTD E-Learning Handbook. Columbus: McGraw-Hill.
Jadric, M. (2009). Profile of students accessing online courses. (pp. 397-492). Proceedings of the ITI 2009 31st International Conference on Information Technology Interfaces, June 22-25, 2009. Cavtat, Croatia.
Johnson, C. (2006). Emerging Technology Links. Retrieved from http://www.u.arizona.edu/~cgj/emerging
Jonassen, D., & Hannum, W. (1991). Analysis of task analysis procedures. In G. J. Anglin (Ed.), Instructional
technology: Past, present, and future (pp. 170 187). Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited.
Jung, C. (1971). Psychological types (Collected Works of C.G. Jung, Volume 6). Princeton University Press.
Keeton, M.T. (2004). Best online instructional practices: Report of Phase 1 of an ongoing study. Journal of
Asynchronous Learning Network, 8(2), 75 100.
Kirschner, P. A., Sweller, J., & Clark, R. E. (2006). Why minimal guidance during instruction does not work: An analysis of the failure of constructivist, discovery, problem-based, experiential, and inquiry-based teaching. Educational Psychologist, 41(2), 75-86.
Klesius, J., S. Homan, & Thompson, T. (1997). Distance education compared to traditional instruction: The
students’ view. International Journal of Instructional Media, 24(3), 207-220.
Knowles, E., & Kalata, K. (2007). A model for enhancing online course development. Innovate, 4(2). Retrieved from http://www.innovateonline.info/index.php?view=article&id=456
Kolb, D. A. (1984). Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood
Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Lam, W. S. E. (2006). Culture and learning in the context of globalization: Research directions. Review of
Educational Research. Special Issue on Rethinking Learning: What counts as learning and what learning
counts, 30, 213 237.
LaMonica, L. (2001). The role of the instructor in Web-based instruction: Are we practicing what we preach?
Retrieved from http://www.usoe.k12.ut.us/curr/ednet/training/resources/ednetRes/Role_Instructor.pdf
Lapadat, J. C. (2002).Written interaction: A key component in online learning. Journal of Computer-Mediated
Communication, 7(4). http://www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol7/issue4/lapadat.html
Lechner, F. (2003). Cited in The globalization of nothing, George Ritzer, Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge.
Legon, R., & Runyon, J. (2007). Research on the impact of the Quality Matters course review process. Presented at the 23rd Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning. University of Wisconsin System. Retrieved from http://www.uwex.edu/disted/conference/Resource_library/proceedings/07_5284.pdf
Leonard, D. A., & DeLacey, B. J. (2002). Designing hybrid online/in-class learning programs for adults. 03-036. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School.
Levenburg, N., & Major, H. (2000). Motivating the online learner: The effect of frequency of online postings
and time spent online on achievement of learning goals and objectives. Paper presented at the International
Online Conference on Teaching Online in Higher Education (November, 2000). Fort Wayne, IN.
Lohr, L., Javeri, M., Mahoney, C., Gall, J., Li, K., & Strongin, D. (2003). Using rapid application development
to improve the usability of a preservice teacher technology course. Educational Technology
Research and Development, 51(2), 41 55.
Lombard, M., & Ditton, T. (1997). At the heart of it all: The concept of presence. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 3(2). Retrieved from http://www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol3/issue2/lombard.html
Ludwig-Hardman, S., & Dunlap, J. (2003). Learner support services for online students: Scaffolding for success. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 4(1). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/content/v4.1/dunlap.html
Lumby, J. (2006). Conceptualizing diversity and leadership. Educational Management Administration &
Leadership, 34(2), 151 165.
Mabrito, M. ( 2004). Guidelines for establishing interactivity in online courses. Innovate, 1(2). Retrieved from www.innovateonline.info/index.php?view=article&id=12
Mager, R. (1962). Preparing instructional objectives. Belmont, CA: Fearon Publishers.
Mandernach, B. J., Donelli, E., & Dailey-Hebert, A. (2006). Learner attribute research juxtaposed with online instructor experience: Predictors of success in the accelerated, online classroom. The Journal of Educators Online, 3(2), 1-17. Retrieved from http://www.thejeo.com/Volume3Number2/MandernachFinal.pdf
Mannheim, K. (1936). Ideology and utopia. London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Maor, D., & Zariski, A. (2003, February). Is there a fit between pedagogy and technology in online learning?
Paper presented at the Teaching and Learning Forum, 2003, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup Campus, Perth, Western Australia. Retrieved from http://www.ecu.edu.au/conferences/tlf/2003/pub/pdf/18_Maor_DoritZariski_Archie.pdf
Markel, S. L. (2001). Technology and education online discussion forums: It s in the response. Online Journal
of Distance Learning Administration, 4(2). http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/summer42/markel42.html
Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation. Psychological Review, 98(2), 224 253.
Marrero, M. E., Woodruff, K. A., Schuster, G. S., & Riccio, J. F. (2010). Live, online short-courses: A case study of innovative teacher professional development. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 11(1). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/758/1505
Martinez, M., & Bunderson, C. V. (2001). Foundations for personalized Web learning environments. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 4(2).
Mayer, R. E., & Moreno, R. (2003). Nine ways to reduce cognitive load in multimedia learning. Educational Psychologist, 38(1), 43-52.
Maznevski, M. L. (1994). Understanding our differences: Performance in decision-making groups with diverse
members. Human Relations, 47(5), 531 552.
McCarthy, G., & Rogerson, A. (2009). Links are not enough: Using originality reports to improve academic standards, compliance, and learning outcomes among postgraduate students. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 5(2), 47-57.
McGrath, J., E, Berdahl, J. L., & Arrow, H. (1995). Traits, expectations, culture, and clout: The dynamics of diversity in work groups. In S. E. Jackson & M. N. Ruderman (Eds.), Diversity in work teams: research paradigmsfor a changing workplace (1st ed., pp. 17 45). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Miller, S., & Miller, K. (2000). Theoretical and practical considerations in the design of web-based instruction.
In Abbey, B. (Ed.), Instructional and cognitive impacts of web-based education. (pp. 156 177). Hershey,
PA: Idea Group Publishing.
Miller, S. M., & Miller, K. L. (1999). Using instructional theory to facilitate communication in Web-based
courses. Educational Technology & Society, 2(3). Retrieved from http://ifets.ieee.org/periodical/vol_3_99/miller.html
Milliken, F. J., & Martins, L. L. (1996). Searching for common threads: Understanding the multiple effects
of diversity in organizational groups. Academy of Management Review, 21(2), 402 434.
Moore, G. S., Perlow, A., Judge, C., & Koh, H. (2006). Using blended learning in training the Public Health workforce in emergency preparedness. Public Health Reports, 121, 217-221.
Moore, M. G., & Kearsley, G. (1996). Distance education: A systems view. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth
Muirhead, B. (2000). Enhancing social interaction in computer-mediated distance education. Formal discussion
initiation for the International Forum of Educational Technology & Society. Retrieved from
Mullet, K., & Sano, D. (1995). Designing visual interfaces: Communication oriented techniques. New York, NY:
Nelson, T. (1999). Ted Nelson s Computer Paradigm, expressed as one-liners. Retrieved from http://xanadu.com.au/ted/TN/WRITINGS/TCOMPARADIGM/tedCompOneLiners.html
Nielsen, J. 2000. Designing Web usability. Indianapolis: New Riders Publishing.
Nkomo, S. M. (1995). Identities and the complexity of diversity. In S. E. Jackson & M. N. Ruderman (Eds.),
Diversity in work teams: Research paradigms for a changing workplace (1st ed., pp. 247 253). Washington,
DC: American Psychological Association.
Novak, J. (1977). A theory of education. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Novosel, S. (2000). Readiness Index for Learning Online (RILO). Indiana University School of Nursing
OLPC (2006). One Laptop Per Child. Retrieved from http://wiki.laptop.org/go/One_Laptop_per_Child
Orellana, A., Hudgins, T. L., & Simonson, M. R. (Eds.). (2009). The perfect online course: Best practices for designing and teaching. Information Age Publishing, Inc. Review portions of text: http://books.google.ca/books?id=A0ECyUI-VkMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=the+perfect+online+course&source=bl&ots=9Pkx6uCD4G&sig=cSiN9WMrpugknSSHlK25P6DLfAI&hl=en&ei=f7fVS9qREI38sgPZrJycCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CBAQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false
Olsen, F. (2003, July 4). Videoconferencing with some life to it. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved
O Reilly, T. (2005). What is Web 2.0? Design patterns and business models for the next generation of software.
Retrieved from http://www.oreillynet.com/lpt/a/6228
Page, D. (2006). 25 tools, technologies, and best practices. THE Journal, March 2006.
Painter, C., Coffin C., & Hewings, A. (2003). Impacts of directed tutorial activities in computer conferencing: a case study. Distance Education, 24(2), 159-174.
Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (1999). Building learning communities in Cyberspace: Effective strategies for the online classroom. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Palloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. (2000). Making the transition: Helping teachers to teach online. Presentation at EDUCAUSE (October 10-13, 2000). Nashville, TN.
Parker, E. B., & Howland, L. C. (2006). Strategies to manage the time demands of online teaching. Nurse Educator, 31(6), 270-274.
Partlow, K. M., & Gibbs, W. J. (2003). Indicators of constructivist principles in Internet-based courses. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 14(2), 68-97.
Pelz, B. (2004). (My) Three principles of effective online pedagogy. JALN (Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks ) 8(3). www.sloan-c.org/publications/jaln/v8n3/v8n3_pelz.asp
Podcasting Tools. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.podcasting-tools.com/
Pontydysgu, G. A. (2007) Personal Learning Environments the future of eLearning? eLearning Papers, 2(1).
Retrieved from http://www.elearningpapers.eu
Pulichino, J. (2006, July). Mobile Learning Research Report 2006. The eLearning Guild. Retrieved from http://www.elearningguild.com/pdf/1/apr06-futuredirections.pdf
Raines, C. (2003). Connecting generations: The sourcebook for a new generation. Menlo Park, CA: Crisp
Rheingold, H. (2006). Smart Mobs. Retrieved October 16, 2006, from http://www.smartmobs.com/book
Rhodes, D., & Azbell, J. (1985). Designing interactive video instruction professionally. Training and DevelopmentJournal, 39(12), 31 33.
Ritzer, G. (2003). The Globalization of Nothing. Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge.
Rosen, A. (2006, October 9). Technology trends: elearning 2.0. The eLearning Guild. Retrieved from http://www.readygo.com/e-learning-2.0.pdf
Rossett, A. (1987). Training needs assessment. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.
Rovai, A. (2002). Sense of community, perceived cognitive learning, and persistence in asynchronous learning networks. Internet and Higher Education, 5, 319-332.
Rumble, G. (2003). Modeling the costs and economics of distance education. In M.G. Moore and W.G. Anderson (Eds.), Handbook of Distance Education (pp. 703 716). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ.
Rumble, G., & Latchem, C. (2004). Organisational models for open and distance learning. Policy for open
and distance learning. In H. Perraton & H. Lentell (Eds.) (pp. 117 140). London: Routledge Falmer.
Schrum, L. (2001). SORT: Student Online Readiness Tool. University of Georgia. Retrieved from http://www.alt.usg.edu/sort/
Schwier, R., & Misanchuk, E. (1993). Interactive multimedia instruction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational
Scott, P. (2006). Podcast brings school into the 21st Century. Retrieved from http://www.stbonifaces.com/press/310106_Podcast.pdf
Section 508 Standards (2006, January 23). American Disabilities Act. Retrieved from http://www.section508.gov/index.cfm?FuseAction=Content&ID=12
Siemens, G. (2002, September 30, 2002). Instructional Design in Elearning. Retrieved from
Severn, K. (1998). Group learning contracts. http://disted.tamu.edu/classes/glcontracts.html
Shaffer, J. (2002, December). Virtual Reality in Education. New Horizons for Learning. Retrieved from http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/technology/shaffer.htm
Shweder, R. A., & LeVine, R. A. (1984). Culture theory: Essays on mind, self, and emotion. New York: CambridgeUniversity Press.
Sims, R. (1997). Interactivity: A forgotten art?. Computers in Human Behavior, 13(2), 157 180.
Sims, R. (2006). Beyond instructional design: Making learning design a reality. Journal of Learning Design,
1(2), 1 7. http://www.jld.qut.edu.au
Sims, R., Dobbs, G. & Hand, T. (2001). Proactive evaluation: New perspectives for ensuring quality in online
learning applications. (pp. 509 517). In Conference Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education (ASCILITE), Meeting at the Crossroads.
Singel, R. (2005). Are you ready for Web 2.0? Wired News. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/news/print/0,1294,69114,00.html
Smith, D. G. (1995). Organizational implications of diversity in higher education. In M. M. Chemers, S.
Oskamp & M. A. Costanzo (Eds.), Diversity in organizations: New perspectives for a changing workplace (pp.
220 244). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Snelson, C. (2005). Designing dynamic online lessons with multimedia representations. The Journal of Educators Online, 2(1), Retrieved from http://www.thejeo.com/Archives/Volume2Number1/V2N1.htm.
Snelson, C. (2006). Virtual design based research. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 10(4), 107-110.
Sobel, D. (2009). Figure 1. Student advising information: Online instruction. Preparing special education teachers through online instruction. Chapter 2. (p. 14). P. R. Lowenthal, D. Thomas, A. Thai, & B. Yuhnke (Eds.). The CU online handbook. Teach differently: Create and collaborate. Denver, CO: University of Colorado Denver. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/18816553/CU-Online-Handbook-2009
Sonnenschein, W. (1995). The diversity tool kit. Columbus: McGraw-Hill Professional.
Statistics Canada. (2004) Study: The Sandwich Generation. The Daily, September 28, 2003. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/040928/d040928b.htm
Stead, G., Sharpe, B., Anderson, P., Cych, L., & Philpott, M. (2006). Emerging technologies for learning. British
Educational Communications and Technology Agency (Becta). Retrieved from
Struthers, J. (2002). Working models for designing online courses and materials. The Higher Education Academy. Retrieved fromhttp://www.heacademy.ac.uk/resources.asp?process=full_record§ion=generic&id=197
Suen, L. (2005). Teaching epidemiology using WebCT: Application of the seven principles of good practice. Journal of Nursing Education, 44(3), 143-146.
Sunal, D. W., Sunal, C. S., Odell, M. R., & Sundberg, C. A. (2003). Research-supported best practices for developing online learning. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 2(1), 1-40.
Sutton, L. A. (2001). The principle of vicarious interaction in computer-mediated communications. International
Journal of Educational Telecommunications, 7(3), 223-242. Retrieved from
Thomas, R. R. (1995). A diversity framework. In M. M. Chemers, S. Oskamp & M. A. Costanzo (Eds.), Diversity
in organizations: New perspectives for a changing workplace (pp. 245 263). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Thomas, R. R. (1996). Redefining diversity. New York: American Management Association.
Thomas, R. R. (2006). Building on the promise of diversity. New York: American Management Association.
Trafimow, D., Triandis, H. C., & Goto, S. G. (1991). Some Tests of the Distinction Between the Private Self and
the Collective Self. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 60(5), 649 655.
Triandis, H. C. (1995). The importance of contexts in studies of diversity. In S. E. Jackson & M. N. Ruderman
(Eds.), Diversity in work teams: research paradigms for a changing workplace (1st ed.).( pp. 225 233).
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Triandis, H. C. (2001). Individualism-collectivism and personality. Journal of Personality, 69(6), 907 924.
Triandis, H. C. (2006). Cultural intelligence in organizations. Group & Organization Management, 31(1),
20 26. Retrieved from Web of Science database.
Triandis, H. C., & Suh, E. M. (2002). Cultural influences on personality. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 133
Tvover.net (2005). New swarmcasting software lets anyone run an Internet TV station. Retrieved from http://www.tvover.net/2005/07/07/New+Swarmcasting+Software+Lets+Anyone+Run+An+Internet+TV+Station.aspx
Valenta, A., Therriault, D., Dieter, M., & Mrtek, R. (2001). Identifying student attitudes and learning styles in distance education. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 5, 111-127.
van Merrienboer, J. J. G., Kirschner, P. A., & Kester, L. (2003). Taking the load off a learner’s mind: Instructional design for complex learning. Educational Psychologist, 38(1), 5-13.
Wang, F., & Hannafin, M. J. (2005). Design-based research and technology-enhanced learning environments. Educational Technology Research & Development, 53(4), 5-23.
Vaughan, N., & Power, M. (2010). Blended online learning design: Shaken not stirred. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 11(1). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/834/1522
Veenema, S., & Gardner, H. (1996). Multimedia and Multiple Intelligences. The American Prospect, 7(29). Retrieved from http://www.prospect.org/print/V7/29/veenema-s.html
Vella, J. (2001). Taking learning to task: Creative strategies for teaching adults. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Vella, J. (2006). Dialogue Education: What are the basics? Retrieved from http://www.lidc.sfu.ca/css/JaneVella-QT4x3.mov
Verne, J. (n.d.). Quotations book. Retrieved from http://www.quotationsbook.com/quotes/
Verneil, M., & Berge, Z. (2000). Going online: Guidelines for faculty in higher education. Educational
Technology Review, 6(3), 13-18.
Vygotsky, L. S. 1962. Thought and language. (E. Hanfmann and G. Vakar, Trans.) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
W3C. (1999a). Checklist of checkpoints for Web content accessibility guidelines 1.0. Retrieved from http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/full-checklist.html
W3C. (1999b). List of checkpoints for Web content accessibility guidelines 1.0. Retrieved from http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/checkpoint-list.html
Wagner, E. D. (2005). Enabling mobile learning. EDUCAUSE Review, 40(3), 40 53. Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/er/erm05/erm0532.asp?bhcp=1
Waldeck, J., Kearney, P., & Plax, T. (2001). Teacher e-mail message strategies and students willingness to communicate online. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 29(1), 54-70.
Waschull, S. B. (2005). Predicting success in online psychology courses: Self-discipline and motivation. Teaching of Psychology, 32(3), 3.
Weaver, P. A. (2005). Ascertain common characteristics and evaluate student success in community college online courses. Dissertation International Abstracts. Retrieved from http://www.bpcc.edu/call/documents/dissertation.pdf
Wentling, R. M., & Palma-Rivas, N. (2000). Current status of diversity initiatives in selected multinational
corporations. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 11(1), 35 60.
Wikipedia. (2005). Web 2.0. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_2.0#Overview
Wikipedia. (2006a). Mashup. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mashup_%28web_application_hybrid%29
Wikipedia (2006b). Smart mobs. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_mob
Wikipedia (2006c) Social networking. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_networking
Wikipedia. (2006d). Wiki. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki
Wilson, B. G. (1995). Metaphors for instruction: Why we talk about learning environments. Educational
Technology, pp. 25 30.
Wilson, S. (2005). Architecture of virtual spaces and the future of VLEs. Retrieved from
Wise, L. R., & Tschirhart, M. (2000). Examining empirical evidence on diversity effects: How useful is diversity
research for public-sector managers? Public Administration Review, 60(5), 386 394.
Wood, P. (2004). Diversity: The invention of a concept. New York: Encounter Books.
Woolf, B.P. (1987). Theoretical frontiers in building a machine tutor. In G. P. Kearsley (Ed.), Artificial Intelligenceand education: Applications and methods. Mass: Addison-Wesley.
Xu, H., & Morris, L. V. (2007). Collaborative course development for online courses. Innovative Higher Education, 32, 35-47.
Yarlagadda, M. (2005). ZDNet Video: The future of VoIP: CoIP. CNET Networks, Inc. Retrieved from http://news.zdnet.com/2036-2_22-5933133.html?tag=wbemail
Yeats, W.B. (n.d.). Quotations book. Retrieved from http://www.quotationsbook.com/quotes/27483/view
Young, S., Cantrell, P. P., & Shaw, D. G. (2001). Online instruction: New roles for teachers and students.
Academic Exchange Quarterly, 5(4), 11.
Zhao, F. (2003). Enhancing the quality of online higher education through measurement. Quality Assurance in Education: An International Perspective, 11(4), 214-221.
Zirkin, B. G., & Sumler, D. E. (1995). Interactive or non-interactive? That is the question!!! An annotated
bibliography. Journal of Distance Education, 10(1), 95-112. Retrieved from
Adult Education Rapid Instructional Design Tips (thiagi.com): http://adulted.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.thiagi.com%2Frid.html
African Virtual University http://www.etw.org/2003/case_studies/soc_inc_african_VU.htm
African Universities Initiative http://www.worldcomputerexchange.org/originals/AUI_Proposal.doc
Ask.com. (2006). Ask search technology. http://about.ask.com/en/docs/about/ask_technology.shtml
Augmented Reality: http://www.csl.sony.co.jp/project/ar/ref.html
Biology Success! Teaching Diverse Learners. http://www.landmarkcollege.org/institute/grants%5F
research/biology%5Fsuccess/book.html Biology Success! is an innovative project based at
Landmark College in Putney, VT and funded by the National Science Foundation s Research in Disabilities Education program (HRD No. 0004264). Biology Success! asserts that students with learning differences can succeed in high school and college introductory biology courses when the curriculum has been designed to respond to their learning needs.
CanREGS (2002): Canadian E-learning Regulation Standards: http://www.futured.com/pdf/CanREGs%20Eng.pdf
Carnegie Mellon OLI: http://www.cmu.edu/oli/
Center for Digital Storytelling: http://www.storycenter.org
Cookin with Google: http://www.researchbuzz.org/wp/tools/cookin-withgoogle
Constructivist learning (Carwile, 2007): http://www.vccaedu.org/inquiry/inquiry-spring-2007/i-12-Carwile.html
Course Evaluation templates: http://www.surveyshare.com/info/
Current TV: http://www.current.tv
Developing sites for users with cognitive/learning disabilities: http://juicystudio.com/article/cognitive-impairment.php
Discovery School: http://school.discovery.com
Distance learning glossary: eLearners .com: http://www.elearners.com/resources/glossary.asp
Education with Technologies. (2005): http://learnweb.harvard.edu/ent/welcome/
Effective presentations and online course design: http://librarysupportstaff.com/presentations.html
eLearning Coach: http://theelearningcoach.com/elearning_design/user-interface/user-interface-design-for-elearning/
Elluminate: http://www.elluminate.com/index.jsp with The Impact of Synchronous Online Learning in Academic Institutions
Emerging Technology Links: http://www.u.arizona.edu/~cgj/emerging
Faculty Focus: http://www.facultyfocus.com
Free Online Course Templates: http://www.businessballs.com/freeonlineresources.htm
Google Books: http://books.google.com
Google Maps: http://maps.google.com
Google Scholar: http://scholar.google.com
Instructional Design Resources and Free Courseware: University of Pittsburgh: http://www.pitt.edu/~poole/onlinelearning.html
Mashups: http://coolgooglemaps.blogspot.com and http://www.programmableweb.com
MIT Open CourseWare: http://ocw.mit.edu/index.html
Nobel Prize: http://nobelprize.org/educational_games
Portland State University (2007). Creating an online syllabus: http://www.psuonline.pdx.edu/docs/id_handbook.htm#typical
Project Gutenberg: http://www.gutenberg.org/wiki/Main_Page
Quality Matters : http://www.qualitymatters.org
Richard Felder Index of Learning Styles: http://www.ncsu.edu/felder-public/ILSpage.html
The Index of Learning Styles is an on-line instrument used to assess preferences on four dimensions
(active/reflective, sensing/intuitive, visual/verbal, and sequential/global) of a learning style model
formulated by Richard M. Felder and Linda K. Silverman. The instrument was developed by Richard M. Felder and Barbara A. Soloman of North Carolina State University.
Sloan Consortium: http://www.sloan-c.org
Smart Mobs: http://smartmobs.com
Social networking links:
Tech Tools for Online Courses: Beck (2009): http://www.elearnmag.org/subpage.cfm?section=best_practices&article=60-1
Ted Talks. (2010). www.ted.com/talks
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2005): http://alumweb.mit.edu/opendoor/200011/degree.shtml
Tracking the Avian Flu: http://www.futurecrisis.com/places/view.php
Top City Books: http://www.topcitybooks.com
UK Open University: http://www.open.ac.uk/
University of Michigan. http://www.communitytechnology.org/courses/globalization/1999/Syllabus.htm
VARK Learning Styles self-quiz: http://www.vark-learn.com/english/index.asp
Wifi Caf s: http://wifi.earthcode.com