Common types of kale include curly, purple, baby, and dinosaur. Kale goes well in salads, soups, stews, and dips. Kale can be consumed raw, steamed, baked, or sautéed. Both the leaves and stems can be eaten. Kale is commonly found in American, European, and Asian cuisines.
Kale is high in lutein, a carotenoid that supports eye health. Antioxidants, including carotenoids and flavonoids, can help prevent cancer. One cup of kale provides 10% of the recommended daily amount of anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids.
- Fiber important for digestive health and keeps you feeling full
- Vitamin C important for immune system, healthy skin, and wound healing
- Vitamin K important for blood clotting
- Folate important for preventing neural tube defects and may help prevent cancer
- Potassium helps lower blood pressure and helps muscles contract
- Iron & Copper important in red blood cell formation
- Calcium good for healthy bones
How to Shop
Find kale in the grocery store produce section near the other leafy greens in the shelves that get misted. When choosing your kale bunch, look for firm, hydrated leaves. Kale is available in Texas from November to April, although it can be grown year-round throughout the U.S. Frozen and canned kale are also available year-round.
How to Grow
Kale is a frost-tolerant vegetable that can be grown throughout the Fall and Winter seasons. Plant seeds 12-18 inches apart and 1/4 inch deep in mid-September through October. The outside leaves of the kale plant can be harvested once grown to 6 inches or taller. It takes 60-80 days for a kale plant to reach full size.
How to Store
- Fresh kale can be stored wrapped in paper towels in the crisper drawer of a refrigerator for up to one week. To freeze, remove the leaves from their stems, blanch in boiling water for 2 minutes, and place in ice water. Dry well and freeze in a freezer-safe airtight bag.