Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance Study

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TATAMS is the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance Study.

The goal is to understand what types of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) devices, like e-cigarettes, and other tobacco products, like cigarettes, cigars, and hookah, youth and young adults are using and why they use those products.   Additionally, we study the effect of tobacco product marketing and other factors (e.g., product characteristics, intrapersonal and interpersonal influences) on youth tobacco use.

Results from TATAMS are used by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to inform regulations on the manufacturing, sales, and marketing of tobacco products. This regulation is designed, in turn, to prevent the onset and progression of tobacco use among young people.  Its findings also inform the development and implementation of interventions (e.g., school-based programs, media campaigns) to prevent the onset and progression in e-cigarette and other tobacco use behaviors among young people.

TATAMS is a 10 year research study that began in 2014. It is funded by the National Institutes of Health. 

We collect the following data:

  • In 2014, we asked approximately 4,000 youth in grades 6th, 8th, and 10th  across major metropolitan areas in the state of Texas (Houston, Dallas-Ft Worth, San Antonio, Austin) to enroll in our study.
  • On enrollment, students participated in a web-based survey in school about their e-cigarette and other tobacco use, administered on tablets. Approximately every 6 months thereafter, a web-based survey has been administered outside of schools on students’ own tablet, computer, or smartphone.
  • Participants have the opportunity to complete up to 14 surveys, through 2021.  In 2021, these students will have all finished high school and will be 1, 3, and 5 years post-graduation.
  • In addition to these surveys, we also documented the tobacco and e-cigarette advertisements around the middle schools and high schools that our survey participants attended.

Study Design

The Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance Study (TATAMS) is a longitudinal surveillance study of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) devices and other tobacco use behaviors among youth and young adults living in major metropolitan areas of Texas (Austin, Dallas-Ft. Worth, Houston, San Antonio).

Study Participants

Three population-based cohorts of adolescents in the 6th (n=1,122; N=148,465), 8th (n=1,322; N=160,080), and 10th grade (n=1,463; N=152,524) were recruited from Texas middle and high schools (n=79; N=1,364) in 2014-15, using complex probability sampling methods. TATAMS continues to follow these 3 cohorts as they transition from adolescence into young adulthood.  

Per data from the Texas Education Agency, the Texas Private School Accreditation Commission, and the National Center for Education Statistics, the sampling frame accounted for 97% of 6th, 8th, and 10th grade students in these areas, and more than 40% of all 6th, 8th, and 10th grade students in all of Texas in 2014-15.  Given the application of sampling weights in data analysis, the study sample (n=3,907) is representative of 461,069 students in 1,969 schools in these areas. Among these, 48.9% are girls; 54.5% are Hispanic, 21.4% non-Hispanic White, and 17.6% non-Hispanic Black. In 2014, the average age of each cohort was 11, 13, and 14 years old.

Data Collection

An almost 500 item web-based tobacco survey is offered to study participants every 6 months, from 2014-2021 (Waves 1-14), for 7 years of follow-up.  Students and their parents or guardians provided consent to participant in the TATAMS research study. Most study participants have completed follow-up surveys with retention rates ranging from 64-85% across waves.

The TATAMS survey includes robust measures of ENDS use and other tobacco use behaviors; nicotine dependence; alcohol and marijuana use behaviors; and a broad spectrum of potential risk factors, including intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental influences (e.g., tobacco marketing), as well as product characteristics (e.g., flavors, brand, ENDS device type).

TATAMS has been and continues to be highly productive in disseminating findings on many topics related to ENDS and other tobacco use in peer-reviewed journals and through scientific presentations.

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Vaping with Flavors

12/17/2020 - Healthy Children, Healthy State. A one-pager on vaping with flavors from the Texas Child Health Status Report Project.

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Vaping Advertisements and Teens

12/15/2020 - Healthy Children, Healthy State. A one-pager on vaping advertisements and teens in Texas from the Texas Child Health Status Report Project.

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Teen Vaping in Texas

9/16/2020 - Healthy Children, Healthy State. A one-pager on teen vaping in Texas from the Texas Child Health Status Report Project.

Multi-directional pathways of tobacco and marijuana use, including comorbid use, among a population-based cohort of adolescents in Texas: A six-wave cross-lagged model

(Rogers, S. M., Harrell, M. B., Chen, B., Springer, A., Loukas, A., & Perry, C. L. (2021). Addictive Behaviors, 115, 106771.)

A Simulation of the potential impact of restricting tobacco retail outlets around middle and high schools on tobacco advertisements

(Obinwa, U., Pasch, K. E., Jetelina, K. K., Ranjit, N., Perez, A., Perry, C., & Harrell, M. (2020). Tobacco Control.)

Predictors of JUUL, other electronic nicotine delivery systems, and combustible tobacco initiation among Texas youth

Case KR, Obinwa UC, Clendennen, SL, Perry CL, Harrell MB. Predictors of JUUL, other electronic nicotine delivery systems, and combustible tobacco initiation among Texas youth. Preventive Medicine. 2020 Sep; 138: 106097. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106097. Epub 2020 Apr 23. PMID: 32335030.

ENDS Device Type and Initiation of Combustible Tobacco Products among Adolescents. Nicotine & Tobacco Research

Sumbe A, Clendennen SL, Opara SC, Jackson CD, Chen B, Wilkinson AV, Harrell MB. ENDS Device Type and Initiation of Combustible Tobacco Products among Adolescents. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2020 Jun 29: ntaa115.doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntaa115. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32598453.

Harmonizing cigar survey data across TCORS, CTP, and PATH studies: The cigar collaborative research (CCR) group

(Fishbein, H., Bauer, D., Yu, Q., Mermelstein, R., Jones, D., Miller, A., Harrell, M.B., Loukas, A., Sterling, K., Colip, B., & Mittl, B. (2019). Nicotine & Tobacco Research.)

Understanding susceptibility to e-cigarettes: A comprehensive model of risk factors that influence the transition from non-susceptible to susceptible among e-cigarette naïve adolescents

(Carey, F. R., Rogers, S. M., Cohn, E. A., Harrell, M. B., Wilkinson, A. V., & Perry, C. L. (2019). Addictive behaviors, 91, 68-74.)

Adolescent Tobacco Uptake and Other Substance Use: A Latent Class Analysis

(Delk J, Carey FR, Case KR, et al. Am J Health Behav. 2019;43(1):3-14. doi:10.5993/AJHB.43.1.1)

Youth or young adults: Which group is at highest risk for tobacco use onset?

(Perry CL, Pérez A, Bluestein M, Garza N, Obinwa U, Jackson C, Clendennen SL, Loukas A, Harrell MB; J Adolesc Health ;2018)

E-cigarette-specific symptoms of nicotine dependence among Texas adolescents.

(Case, K, Mantey, D, Creamer, M, Harrell, MB, Kelder, S, & Perry, CL; Addictive Behaviors; 2018)

Measurement and predictive value of susceptibility to cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, and hookah among Texas adolescents

(Carey FR, Wilkinson AV, Harrell MB, Cohn EA, Perry CL; Addict Behav Rep. ;2018)

School policy, administrator perceptions, and student e-cigarette use

(Nicksic NE, Harrell MB, Pérez A, Pasch KE, Perry, CL. Health Behav Policy Rev. PMID: 30854404. PMCID: PMC6400481)

Real Time assessment of young adults' attitudes towards tobacco messages

(Hébert ET, Vandewater EA, Businelle MS, Harrell MB, Kelder SH, Perry CL; Tob Regul Sci.; 2018)

Type of E-Cigarette Device Used Among Adolescents and Young Adults: Findings From a Pooled Analysis of Eight Studies of 2166 Vapers

(Barrington-Trimis JL, Gibson LA, Halpern-Felsher B, Harrell MB, Kong G, Krishnan-Sarin S, Leventhal AM, Loukas A, McConnell R, Weaver SR; Nicotine Tob Res.; 2018)

Weight status and cigarette and electronic cigarette use in adolescents

(Delk J, Creamer MR, Perry CL, Harrell MB; Am J Prev Med. ;2018)

Positive outcome expectations and tobacco product use behaviors in youth

(Creamer MR, Delk J, Case K, Perry CL, Harrell M; Subst Use Misuse.; 2017)

Recall of point-of-sale marketing predicts cigar and e-cigarette use among Texas youth

(Pasch KE, Nicksic NE, Opara SC, Jackson C, Harrell MB, Perry CL; Nicotine Tob Res.; 2017)

Geospatial associations between retail tobacco outlets and current use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes among youth in Texas

(Pérez A, Chien LC, Harrell MB, Pasch KE, Obinwa UC, Perry CL; J Biom Biostat.; 2017)

Exposure and engagement with tobacco- and e-cigarette-related social media

(Hébert ET, Case KR, Kelder SH, Delk J, Perry CL, Harrell MB; J Adolesc Health. 2017)

Implementation of a Computerized Tablet-Survey in an Adolescent Large-Scale, School-Based Study

(Delk J, Harrell MB, Fakhouri T, Muir K, Perry CL; J Sch Health; 2017)

The association between sensation seeking and e-cigarette use in Texas young adults: A cross-sectional study

(Case K, Loukas A, Harrell M, Wilkinson A, Springer A, Pérez A, Creamer M, Perry CL; J Am Coll Health. 2017)

Feasibility and reliability of a mobile tool to evaluate exposure to tobacco product marketing and messages using ecological momentary assessment

(Hébert ET, Vandewater EA, Businelle MS, Harrell MB, Kelder SH, Perry CL; Addict Behav; 2017)

Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance System’s design

(Pérez A, Harrell MB, Malkani RI, Jackson CD, Delk J, Allotey PA, Matthews, KJ, Martinez P, Perry CL; Tob Regul Sci.; 2017)

Subjective experiences at first use of cigarette, e-cigarettes, hookah, and cigar products among Texas adolescents

(Mantey DS, Harrell MB, Case K, Crook B, Kelder SH, Perry CL; Drug Alcohol Depend; 2017)

The cigarette and smokeless tobacco markets in Texas relative to the United States

(Miller Lo EJ, Giovenco DP, Wackowski OA, Harrell MB, Perry CL, Delnevo CD; Tob Regul Sci.; 2017)

Recall of e-cigarette advertisements and adolescent e-cigarette use

(Nicksic N, Harrell MB, Pérez A, Pasch K, Perry CL; Tob Regul Sci.; 2017)

Flavored Tobacco Product Use among Youth and Young Adults: What if Flavors Didn’t Exist?

(Harrell MB, Loukas A, Jackson CD, Marti CN, Perry CL; Tob Regul Sci.; 2017)

In Their Own Words: Young Adults' Menthol Cigarette Initiation, Perceptions, Experiences and Regulation Perspectives

(Wackowski OA, Evans KR, Harrell M, Loukas A, Lewis MJ, Delnevo CD, Perry CL; Nicotine Tob Res; 2017)

Flavored e-cigarette use: Characterizing youth, young adult, and adult users

(Harrell MB, Weaver SR, Loukas A, Creamer M, Marti CN, Jackson CD, Heath JW, Nayak P, Perry CL, Pechacek TF, Eriksen MP; Preventative Medicine Reports; 2016)

Social Norms, Perceptions and Dual/Poly Tobacco Use among Texas Youth

(Cooper M, Creamer MR, Ly C, Crook B, Harrell MB, Perry CL; Am J Health Behav; 2016)

Flavorings and Perceived Harm and Addictiveness of E-cigarettes among Youth

(Cooper M, Harrell MB, Pérez A, Delk J, Perry CL; Tobacco Regulatory Science; 2016)

Using Cognitive Interviewing to Better Assess Young Adult E-cigarette Use

(Hinds JT, Loukas A, Chow S, Pasch KE, Harrell MB, Perry CL, Delnevo C, Wackowski OA; Nicotine & Tobacco Research; 2016)

College Students' Perceptions of Risk and Addictiveness of E-Cigarettes and Cigarettes

(Cooper M, Loukas A, Harrell MB, Perry CL; J Am Coll Health; 2016)

College students' polytobacco use, cigarette cessation, and dependence

(Loukas A, Chow S, Pasch KE, Li X, Hinds JT, Marti CN, Harrell MB, Creamer MR, Perry CL; Am J Health Behav.; 2016)

Trends in multiple tobacco product use, among high school students

(Creamer MR, Perry CL, Harrell MB, Diamond PM; Tob Regul Sci.; 2015)