Fuel 2 Fight is the first national nutrition study of firefighters. This epidemiologic study assessed the lifestyle environment, including dietary intake, physical activity, and energy balance of firefighters.
- Evaluated associations with obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors and occupational injuries
- Longitudinal cohort study with assessments twice over 6 months
- 1,021 career firefighters, housed in 60 fire stations, within 20 fire departments across the US and its territories
- 10 departments were incorporating some type of department wellness activity and 10 departments had no wellness activities
Using a longitudinal cohort design, we examined obesity, dietary intake, physical activity, and energy balance in the lifestyle environment of 1,000 firefighters housed in 60 fire stations within 20 fire departments across the nation, stratified on adherence to guidelines in the IAFF-IAFC Wellness and Fitness Initiative (WFI).
- Describe the nutritional status of career firefighters in departments who are, and are not, participating in a wellness fitness activity.
- Determine risk factors/predictors of firefighter obesity.
- Recruit departments, then stations, then on site recruit individuals & consent.
- Travel for data collection; 3 fire stations from each department, in each city.
- Day 1: body composition, surveys, off-duty 24-hr dietary intake.
- Day 2: On-duty 24-hr dietary intake (phone).
- 2 exams - 6 months apart.
Funding Duration: 2 Years 2011-2013
Funding Source: FEMA, subcontract from National Development and Research Institutes (NDRI)
Funding Amount: $209,432
R. Sue Day, PhD
Christopher Kaipust, MPH
Deirdre Douglass, MS, RD
(Haddock CK, Day RS, Poston WS, Jahnke SA, Jitnarin N; Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs; 2015)
(Dubuisson O, Day RS, Dhurandhar NV; Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, 2015)
(Jitnarin N, Poston WSC, Haddock C, Jahnke S, Day RS; Nicotine & Tobacco Research; 2015)
(Poston WSC, Haddock CK, Jahnke SA, Jitnarin N, Day RS, Daniels ID; Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice; 2014)
(Poston WSC, Haddock CK, Jahnke SA, Jitnarin, N, Day RS; BMC Public Health, 2013)
Results from the first detailed evaluation of what firefighters across America eat and drink, the “Fuel 2 Fight” study, is an eye-opener.
CNN - July 18, 2014 - The need for firefighters to be fit seems obvious: A fire ax weighs around 20 pounds, and an oxygen tank can be up to 50. Throw in the big boots, jacket, unruly fire hoses and challenging emergencies, and you'd expect most firefighters to be in peak physical condition.